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Will Renewables Development in the Emerging World Lead to a New Energy Paradigm?
By Bob Shively, Enerdynamics President and Lead Instructor
Google renewable power and you will find thousands of links to sites covering renewable power development in the U.S. and in Europe. But outside of China and maybe India, you won’t find much about renewables development elsewhere. Interestingly, recent years have seen significant renewables development in other parts of the world, and there is no reason to believe the trend won’t continue in 2013. According to CleanTechnica, more new wind and solar projects were installed in the developing world in 2011 than in the developed economies . And over time, the developing world may become the leader in driving renewables forward. As we enter 2013, let’s turn our attention away from the U.S., Europe, China, and India to take a look at how renewables are developing in some other key countries.
According to Ernst and Young’s Renewables Energy Attractiveness Indices  emerging economies in the top 40 include Brazil, Romania, Poland, South Africa, Mexico, Morocco, Turkey, Ukraine, Egypt, Tunisia, Israel, Argentina, and Chile. Let’s take a look at a few developments in emerging countries and see how new ideas may come from seemingly unlikely places.
According to a recent report on the CleanTechnica blog, Morocco has more stringent renewables goals than the State of California. Morocco plans to build 2,000 MW of wind and 2,000 MW of solar by 2020. Based on current demands and the current annual 6% growth rate of demand, this will represent about 50% of demand if completed as planned. And if you are wondering if this is just talk, Morocco put out an 850 MW wind power RFP earlier this year and successful bidders are already signing contracts .
United Arab Emirates
Many Middle Eastern countries have begun to realize that using their precious petroleum reserves for electricity generation may not be the best strategy. An example is the United Arab Emirates, where the emirate of Abu Dubai has set a goal to produce 7% of its electric supply from renewables 2020. But more interesting is Abu Dubai’s plans to develop Masdar City as the world’s first zero carbon community. Plans also call for making the city a global hub for renewable energy and clean technologies .
The Mediterranean Solar Plan and DESERTEC
In addition to renewables development focused on serving domestic electric needs, emerging economies may also find renewables development for export a fruitful area. The European Union in 2008 launched the Mediterranean Solar Plan  with the goal of developing 20 GW of solar power in countries such as Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia. Even longer-running have been the efforts of the DESERTEC Foundation dedicated to finding the best locations for developing renewables . DESERTEC preaches that the world’s deserts can create solar power greater than 160 times the current world demand. Coupled with a transmission grid built to move the power to load centers, they believe the world’s energy sources could be transformed.
The future will be interesting
These are just a few examples of interesting efforts going on around the world. Will all of them come to fruition? Certainly not. But it is hard to believe that somewhere there isn’t the gist of a whole new way of thinking that will completely change the way the world looks at energy. And implementation of those ideas may not come from the U.S., Europe, or the rapidly developing Asian countries.
1. See: http://cleantechnica.com/2012/01/10/california-outdone-in-33-renewable-target-by-morocco
2. See: http://www.ey.com/GL/en/Industries/Cleantech/RECAI-May-2012---All-Renewables-Index
3. For a video on Morocco’s Renewable Energy, see: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bkb08POcdhs
4. See: http://www.masdarcity.ae/en/27/what-is-masdar-city- or the video at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FyghLnbp20U
5. See: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/international/euromed_en.htm
6. See: http://www.desertec.org/en/organization or the video at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QXx02iMsDqI